Semarang has an area of 373.7 square kilometres and a population of approximately 2 million people, making it Indonesia's sixth most populated city and the fifth largest Indonesian city after Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Medan.

Semarang as the capital city of Central Java, is easily accessible by land, sea and air. The city's strategic location in the northern seafront of Central Java boosts provincial export to global markets. The top 3 export destinations from the seaport include the United States, China and Japan.

The western part of Semarang is home to many industrial parks and factories. Many small manufacturers are located in Semarang, producing goods such as textiles, furniture and processed goods.

Semarang is also well connected by the Pantura Highway to Jakarta and Surabaya, two of Indonesia's largest cities.


Semarang is served by Ahmad Yani International Airport with daily flights to other major Indonesian cities and Singapore. The airport would double its current capacity by 2017 to accommodate 6-7 million passengers annually. The runway will be upgraded to accommodate Airbus A330 and Boeing 767. The airport is currently served by several domestic airlines, including national carrier Garuda Indonesia and low-cost carrier Air Asia.


There are two large train stations in Semarang, namely Semarang Poncol and Semarang Tawang. The shortest Semarang-Jakarta route is a 6-hour journey. In 2014, the government introduced the KA Maharani AC train, a dedicated Semarang-Surabaya direct train service; separate from the Jakarta-Surabaya train service that stops over at Semarang.


Indonesia’s third largest deep sea port after Tanjung Priok (Jakarta) and Tanjung Perak (Surabaya) is located in Semarang. It is estimated that 80% of container ships leaving Tanjung Emas Port sail to Europe, USA and Japan via Singapore. The transit period through Singapore is 3 days.

Living Environment

The city also offers people with good living environment, international standard shopping malls, hotels, western-style residential housing and supermarkets. Transportation within Semarang is convenient with taxis widely available and an express bus service, Trans Semarang, which serves the city.