Central Java has many state universities, polytechnics and vocational training institutes.
For managerial and supervisory staff:
274 universities and 20 polytechnics (about 103,000 graduates per year) providing an excellent source of managerial and supervisory staff;
For young and skilled labour force:
1,184 vocational training institutes (about 150,000 graduates per year). It provides readily-available young and skilled labor force.